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Draft Concept Note on Smart City Scheme

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To fulfill the vision of the Prime Minister of India of developing ‘one hundred Smart Cities’, as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernising the existing mid-sized cities, the Ministry of Urban Development, as a first step has convened a National Conclave of States and Union Territories on 12/09/2014 for inviting suggestions on the concept note. The note has been prepared in consultation with various experts and agencies who have previous experience of working on Smart Cities. Based on the suggestions received, a final concept document would be presented to the Prime minister for his approval.
The concept note is attached.
Muralidhar Rao
Note_on_Smart_City_10914.pdf967.12 KB


murali772's picture

overall, a good draft

128 users have liked.

The concept note does look good, and fairly comprehensive. Incidentally, I'll claim to have provided the route to achieving many of the targeted goals in my blog titled "solutions to many of the country's ills" (accessible here).

Muralidhar Rao
kbsyed61's picture

Mobility still viewed from Cost laden Metro/LRT/Monorail !

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Murali Sir,

Thanks for the concept document I was waiting for. Did a quick scan of the content. Though there is good intent and good grasp of issues surrounding the subject, but the solutions that are given as examples exposes the craving for Heavy Investment laden projects.

One example is, Improvements in public transport – metro rail, BRT, LRT, Monorail, etc

My question to all these planners would, why does public transport using the railway infrastructure? It is cost effective, tested and used for 100+ years?

Amar's picture


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Draft Concept Note on Smart City Scheme – My 2 coins


Humans are social animals and live in a complex society. As the urbanization increases (that is more and more humans start living in closer vicinity), the society becomes more complex. The institutions in the society become more specialized and number of institutions grows. More so, the interdependence of the institutions grows.  While each institute must work efficiently to improve their productivity, they must work well with other institutes. They must work to improve their collective productivity. Hence there should be checks and balances in place for institutions in a city, leading them to become Smart City. 1. The functions of institutions should be clear, transparent and accessible to the citizens and other institutions. 2. Their functioning and productivity should be challengeable. 3.  In case of a conflict, a fast and fair system should be able to address issues.

Humans are intelligent animals and in pursuit of better quality of life they continuously evolve. The living space of human must evolve with them reflecting human’s current and future needs. Some of the measures of the quality of life are GDP or monetary status, Happiness and Intellectual Capital. There cannot be one scale measuring all. The Smart Cities must reflect some or many of these measures. There can be different path and stages of the development of cities. Smart Cities should be nothing but the Evolving Cities or Learning Cities.

Smart City Vision of the Government of India

The Government of India has decided on developing 100 “Smart Cities” in the country. Accordingly, in his budget speech of July 2014, the Finance Minister has stated as follows:

”As the fruits of development reach an increasingly large number of people, the pace of migration from the rural areas to the cities is increasing. A neo middle class is emerging which has the aspiration of better living standards. Unless, new cities are developed to accommodate the burgeoning number of people, the exisitng cities would soon become unlivable. The Prime Minister has a vision of developing ‘one hundred Smart Cities’, as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernising the exisitng mid-sized cities.”

Pillars of Smart City


The Government bodies at various levels of the government must define their roles and must have reasons to coexist.

The government bodies should provide a fast and fair issue resolution system for the citizens at all levels.  The governance would then be a self correcting and learning system with the help of active participation of citizens.

The Government bodies should only facilitate the functioning of the Institutions. They should be involved in the planning and monitoring of institutions or fellow citizens.

The Government should not own any companies or manage any companies thus leading to a fair and competitive marketplace for all. There should be maximum governance with minimum government.

The taxes imposed and collected should be transparent with the expenses.


Various institutions can include urban mobility system, the housing stock, the energy system, water supply system, sewerage system, sanitation facilities, solid waste management system, drainage system, educational, healthcare, entertainment, financial institutes etc.


As part of the democratic country each citizen has the responsibility to actively participate in the functioning of government as well as institutions – all publicly listed as well as all neighborhood institutions. The Government bodies as well as institutes must facilitate to this responsibility of the citizens.  The citizens should be able to move courts in case of delays or discrepancies at negligible cost.

Measures leading to Smart Cities

 Let there be development of Smart Cities through the active participation of responsible Citizens, Industrialists, and government officials.

The risk in the development of Smart Cities can be the non-cooperation between the Citizens, Industrialists, and government officials. The lack of resolution of issues amongst these at the earliest is even the biggest risk.

 Hence the foremost measure is formation of an effective Judicial System. It should not only clear the existing cases, but should be accessible, fast, and fair in handling the ongoing cases. Since the citizens cannot take the law directly in their hands, they should be allowed to file cases not just of the opponent but also the law and order establishment bodies of the government. It should improve the accountability and develop the confidence of the citizens, institutions and government bodies alike. This in turn would provide the secure and safe place to live, invest and prevail.

Secondly, since the government would not be running any companies, it would not be biased to any company. The government can define the standards of quality of each kind of institute, their products, their services, and their functioning (R&D expenditures etc.), and thus there will be much better transparency and accountability in its own operation.

A time line must defined for the achievement of these parameters in selected 100 cities.


Some Examples of the Measures are as follows:



Judicial System

* 1 Judge for every 1000 citizens

* 1 police man for every 100 citizens

* Same day resolution of cases

Transport System

* No holes of bigger than 5 cm on the road space including footpaths.

* No mud or dust on the roads in the city.

* No water clogging on the roads

* The Sign boards marked with speed limits and other traffic rules applicable on that road. The roads must be drivable for at least 1 km at the applicable speed limit (defined or default).

* Street lights at every 25 meter.

* Poster free roads to avoid any distraction.

* Integrated network of buses, metro, bicycle, pedestrian with a total walking distance of 500m and average travel time of 1min/km from anywhere to anywhere for 80% of population

  Continuous unobstructed footpath of minimum 2m wide on either side of all street with RoW 12m or more

  Dedicated and physically segregated bicycle tracks with a width of 2m or more, one in each direction, should be provided on all streets with carriageway larger than 10m (not ROW)

Spatial Planning

* Each building (Residential, commercial etc.) having parking facility, toilets and open space in the front of the building. Or Public Urinal at every 500m

* Park or Urban Jungle space of about 50% of the total Urban space

* Development of under construction sites and vacant sites to bring completeness to the development of a given locality.

* Parking free and traffic free commercial streets/areas.

  95% of residences should have daily needs retail, parks, primary schools and recreational areas accessible within 400m walking distance.

Sewerage & Sanitation

* Sewage processing plant for every 5000 residents

  100% households should be connected to the waste water network

  100% efficiency in the collection and treatment of waste water.

  100% efficiency in the collection of sewerage network



* Primary to Secondary School for all under 15 years (About 30% of population i.e. 30000 per lakh residents) with a teacher student ratio of 1:15 and within the vicinity of 500m. Schools may choose to have two shifts of school session ( morning and evening).

* Primary to Secondary School Students attending 4 hours towards class room education and 3 hours towards non-curricular activities. There should be no defined homework.

* Higher Education institutes for all (or from 80% upto 130%) between 15 to 25(About 20% of population i.e. 20000 per lakh residents) with a teacher student ratio of 1:10 and within the vicinity of 5km. They should not only provide the options to Urban students but to also Rural students. They should produce the professionals for the city, for the country as well as for the world.

Intellectual Property

Searching and recording of Intellectual Property should be accessible to citizen a minimal cost.

The Usage of Intellectual Property should be protected.

The further enhancement and development Intellectual Property should be promoted.

1 physical center per lakh people should be developed.





Sanjeev's picture

Digital City confused with Smart city : Nagpur

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L&T's business unit, namely Smart World and Communication, will execute the project that entails laying of 1200 km of optical fiber network, setting up 136 wifi hotspots across the city, establishing 100 digital interactive kiosks and developing city surveillance systems.

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