CTTP Bangalore Executive Summary

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Comprehensive Traffic and Transportation Plan For Bangalore - CTTP Bangalore
Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development And Finance Corporation

Executive Summary
RITES Ltd. Oct 2007


The core content is in section 4 and includes executive summary & descriptive maps of mass transport, TTMCs & Parking, Road and Freight complexes and pedestrian zones and facilities proposed in the CTTP.

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1. Problems And Issues

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1.1 Bangalore population has been growing at a rate of 3.25% per year in the last decade. There has been a phenomenal growth in the population of vehicles as well especially the two and four wheelers in this period due to rising household incomes. The number of motor vehicles registered has already crossed 28 lakhs. In the absence of adequate public transport system, people are using the personalized modes which is not only leading to congestion on limited road network but also increasing environmental pollution. An average Bangalorean spends more than 240 hours stuck in traffic every year. Such delays result in loss of productivity, reduced air quality, reduced quality of life, and increased costs for services and goods

1.2 The analysis of collected data from primary and secondary sources has brought the following major issues regarding the transport system of Bangalore:
1) Road network capacity is inadequate. Most of the major roads are with four lane or less with limited scope of their widening. This indicates the need for judicious use of available road space. The junctions are closely spaced on many roads. Many junctions in core area are with 5 legs. This makes traffic circulation difficult. There is need to optimise the available capacity by adopting transport system management measures and by making use of intelligent transportation systems.
2) Traffic composition on roads indicates very high share of two wheelers. The share of cars is also growing. This indicates inadequate public transport system. V/C ratios on most of the roads are more than 1. Overall average traffic speed is about 13.5 kmph in peak hour. This not only indicates the need of augmenting road capacity but the also to plan high capacity mass transport systems on many corridors.
3) Outer cordon surveys indicate high through traffic to the city. This points to the need of road bypasses not only for Bangalore Metropolitan Area (BMA) but also for Bangalore Metropolitan Region (BMR). High goods traffic also indicates the need of freight terminals at the periphery of the city.
4) The household travel surveys indicate high share of work trips. This segment of travel demand needs to be mostly satisfied by public transport system. Considering the large employment centres being planned in the BMA, the public/mass transport system needs to be upgraded/extended substantially.
5) At present, modal split in favour of public transport is about 46% (exclusive of walk trips). The trends show a decline in this share over the last two decades. This is further expected to fall unless adequate and quality public transport system is provided to the people of Bangalore. Share of two wheelers and cars in travel demand is disturbingly high. This trend needs to be arrested.
6) There is high pedestrian traffic in core area and some other areas in Bangalore. Footpath facilities are generally not adequate and their condition is deteriorating. Therefore up gradation of their facilities is very important. Share of cycle traffic has declined over the years. This mode of transport needs to be promoted by providing cycle tracks along the roads.
7) Parking is assuming critical dimensions in Bangalore. Parking facilities need to be augmented substantially. In the long run, city-wide public transport system needs to provide not only to reduce congestion on roads but also to reduce parking demand.
8) Area of the BMA has been increased as per Revised Master Plan-2015. This plan has provided for densification of existing areas, Mutation corridors, hitech areas etc in various parts of the city. This likely to have a major impact on traffic demand. The transport network including mass transport system needs to be planned taking the proposed development in to consideration.
9) Major developments have been proposed in the suburban towns of Bangalore by BMRDA in the BMR. This is likely to increase interaction between Bangalore and these suburban towns. There will be need to provide commuter rail services to these towns from Bangalore.

1.3 Thus while planning for the transport system of Bangalore, the above problems and issues need to be kept in consideration. The issues relating to traffic and transportation in a large and growing city like Bangalore need to be viewed in the larger perspective of urban planning and development. Issues relating to land use planning and development control, public-private transportation policy and industrial location would need to be integrated at the perspective planning level. With Metro Rail under implementation there is the need to coordinate inter modal transport issues.

2. The Preferred Strategy For Transport Development

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In order to prepare the Comprehensive Transport Plan the following policy measures have been considered:

a) Extension of mass transport system to provide wide coverage and transport integration with other modes of transport.

b) Provide substantially large network of medium level mass transport system such as BRT to cover the areas beyond the Metro network and on over loaded corridors.

c) Landuse adjustments and densification of corridors along mass transport corridors where possible.

d) Extension of commuter rail system upto the BMRDA’s New Townships & beyond upto Tumkur, Hosur etc. to act as sub-urban services.

e) Rationalisation of local bus system and its augmentation.

f) Improvement in traffic management through TSM measures.

g) Special facilities for pedestrians within the entire network specially in the core areas; pedestrianisation of selected shopping streets in side the core area going to be served by Metro. Provision of pedestrian sky walks/subways, footpaths and road furniture along the roads where necessary.

h) Diverting through traffic on Peripheral Ring Road. Providing transport hubs at the junctions of Peripheral Ring Road with important radials such as; the National Highways and other heavily loaded roads.

i) Improving primary, arterial and other important roads (particularly radial and ring roads) by providing grade separation, junction improvements, adding missing links, widening and other road side facilities wherever necessary.

3. Transport Demand Analysis

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3.1 Population of the BMA is expected to increase from 61 lakh in 2001 to 88 lakh in 2015 and 122 lakh in 2025. Considering proposed land use, transport sector requirements upto 2025 have been assessed using travel demand modeling. The transport sector recommendations contained in the Master Plan for BMA, city development plan proposed by Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) under the auspices of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), region development plan prepared by Bangalore Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (BMRDA), development plans of Bangalore International Airport Area Planning Authority (BIAAPA) and Bangalore-Mysore Infrastructure Corridor Area Planning Authority (BMICAPA) have been examined.

3.2 For the purpose of transport demand analysis, various scenarios have been considered as follows.
Scenario 1: This scenario considers a ‘do minimum’ situation wherein Improvement & augmentation in existing system for the bus network and roads already proposed. The purpose of the scenario is to capture the intensity of the problem if no measures are taken to overhaul the transport system in the city
Scenario 2: in addition to what has been considered in scenario 1, scenario 2 considers the implementation of metro project as planned, a mono rail system covering 50 km, a BRT system covering 30km, commuter rail system covering 62 km, elevated core ring road of 30 km, a peripheral ring road of 114 km and intermediate ring road of 188 km as proposed IN Master Plan.
Scenario 3: this scenario is developed to address the anticipated demand with extensive public transport system as the focus for development. It is developed upon scenario 2 with additional lines of mass transport systems (about 650 km).

3.3 127 lakh person trips by mechanical modes are estimated to be generated in 2025 against 56 lakh in 2006. Present modal split of 46% in favour of public transport is estimated to fall to 29% by 2025 for scenario 1. Thus most of the trips would be undertaken by personalised modes creating unbearable congested conditions. For scenario 2, modal split in favour of public transport is expected to improve to 50% by 2025. However, this is also not enough for the city of size of Bangalore and many roads would still be overloaded. For scenario 3, the modal split in favour of public transport is estimated as 73%. This modal split is in conformity with the desirable modal split for the city of size of Bangalore as recommended by a Study Group of Government of India. The study, thus, recommends scenario 3 that would fulfill the objectives of the transport sector development integrated with the proposed land use and giving predominance to the public transport system.

4. The Proposed Traffic And Transportation Plan

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4.1 On the basis of projected traffic, an integrated multi-modal mass transport system plan on various corridors has been suggested in order to cater to traffic up to the year 2025. The mass transport systems have been proposed on various corridors considering expected traffic demand by 2025, available road right-ofways and system capacity. The balance traffic should be carried by road system in order to satisfy the needs of normal bus system and other modes such as two wheelers, cars, bicycles, trucks, pedestrians etc. The proposed Traffic and Transportation Plan for Bangalore contains the following types of proposals, which will cater to requirements of the projected travel demand up to the year 2025.

*Mass Transport System
-- Metro System
-- Monorail/LRT System
-- Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) System
-- Commuter Rail Services
*City Bus System
-- Augmentation of Bus Fleet
-- Grid Routes
-- Bus Terminal cum Traffic & Transit Management Centres (TTMC)
-- Volvo Depot cum Traffic & Transit centre
-- New Bus Stations/bus shelters
-- Additional Depots
-- IT Infrastructure
-- HRD Infrastructure
-- Environment Protection Projects
*Inter-city Bus Terminals
*Transport Integration
*Transport System Management Measures
*Pedestrian/NMT Facilities

-- Footpaths
-- Skywalks/Subways
-- Pedestrian zones
-- Cycle Tracks
*Road Development Plan
-- New Roads/Missing Links (Peripheral Ring Road, Core Ring Road, New Airport Expressway etc).
-- Road Widenings
-- Grade Separators
-- Re-alignment of Outer Ring Road
*Parking Facilities
*Integrated Freight Complexes

Integrated multi modal transport system has been recommended in order to ensure seamless travel. For the balance travel demand, road improvement proposals have been formulated. While making road proposals, entire corridor has been proposed to be improved instead of isolated improvements.

4.3 The proposed mass transport corridors are shown in Table 1 and Figure 1. Proposals pertaining to city bus system (other than BRT), parking, pedestrian and road improvement proposals are shown in Figures 2 -4 (below). Summary of proposals is given in Table 2.

4.4 Summary of the cost estimates for various projects is also given in Table 2. Overall cost of the entire plan is estimated as Rs 44,029 crore of which Rs 25,872 crore is proposed for Phase I (2007-12). Cost of the projects proposed in Phase II (2013-18) is Rs 17,017 crore.

Table 1 Proposed Mass Transport Corridors

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Table 1 Proposed Mass Transport Corridors

Metro Corridors
Total length: 137.0 km
1) Baiyyappanahalli to Mysore Road East-West Corridor 18.0
2) Peenya to R.V terminal North-South Corridor 18.8
3) Extension of North –South corridor from R.V. Terminal upto PRR 10.2
4) Baiyyappanahalli to Benniganahalli along Old Madras Road. 1.5
5) Yelahanka R.S to PRR via Nagavara , Electronic City 36.0
6) Indira Nagar Metro Stn to White field Railway Station via 100ft Indira Nagar Road 19.5
7) Proposed Devanhalli Airport to M.G.Road via Bellary Road 33.0

Monorail/LRT Corridors

Total Length 60 km
1) Hebbal to J.P. Nagar (Bannerghatta Road) along the western portion of outer ring road 31.0
2) PRR to Toll Gate along Magadi Road 9.0
3) Kathriguppe Road / Ring Road Junction to National College 5.0
4) Hosur Road - Bannerghatta Road Junction to PRR along Bannerghatta Road 15.0

Commuter Rail Corridors
Total Length 204.0 km
1) Kengeri - Bangalore City Station 13.0
2) Bangalore City Station - Whitefield 24.0
3) Bangalore City Station – Baiyyappanahalli Via Lottegollahalli 23.0
4) Lottegollahalli to Yelahanka 7.0
5) Banaswadi upto BMA Boundary 29.0
6) Kengeri- BMA Boundary 9.0
7) Yeshwantpur to BMA Boundary 14.0
8) BMA Boundary – Hosur 12.0
9) BMA Boundary- Ramanagaram 23.0
10) BMA Boundary to Tumkur 50.0

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Corridors

Total Length 291.5
1) Hebbal to Bannerghatta Road along eastern crescent of outer ring road 33.0
2) Benniganahalli (ORR) to PRR along old Madras Road 7.0
3) From ORR to Hosur Rd along Hi-tech Corridor 8.0
4) Hosur Road to Tumkur Road along PRR (western part) 41.0
5) Tumkur Road-PRR Junction to Hosur Road along PRR via Tirumanahalli, Old Madras Road, Whitefield 76.0
6) Along Core Ring Road 30.0
7) Vidyaranyapura to Nagavarapalya via Hebbal, Jayamahal Road, Queens Road, M.G. Road, Ulsoor, Indiranagar, CV Raman Nagar 29.0
8) Kengeri Sattelite Town to J.P. Nagar along Uttarahalli Road, Kodipur 13.0
9) Banashankari III stage to Banashankari VI stage Ext. along Ittumadu Road, Turahalli, Thalaghattapura 6.0
10) Domlur Ext. to Koramangala along inner ring road 5.0
11) PRR (Mulur) to Maruti Ngr. (up to Hitech corridor) along Sarjapur Road 7.0
12) Peenya to PRR along Tumkur Road 6.0
13) Old Madras Road near Indiranagar to ORR near Banaswadi along Baiyyappanahalli Road -Banaswadi Road 5.5
14) Hebbal to Devanahalli Airport along Bellary Road 25

Table 2 Summary Of Proposed Projects And Cost Estimates

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Figure 1 Mass Transport Corridors

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Figure 1 Mass Transport Corridors
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Full View

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Figure 2 TTMC & Parking

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Figure 2 TTMC & Parking
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Figure 3 Road Proposal & Integrated Frieght Complexes

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Figure 3 Road Proposal & Integrated Frieght Complexes
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List of Grade Separators

Grade Seperators-Roads

1 Hudson Circle- N.R.Road Under pass
2 Cauvery Theatre Junction-Bellary Road Grade separator
3 Minerva circle-J.C.Road Fly over
4 Nagavara Junction Along ORR Flyover
5 Hennur Banasvadi along ORR underpass
6 Sarjapur Road & ORR Jn. Along ORR flyover near Ibbalur
7 On ORR Jn. Along ORR near Agara flyover
8 Flyover along Hosur Road near Check post
9 Hosur Road-Inner Ring Road along Hosur Road fly over
10 Additional slip road at CSB intersection
11 Hosur Road Grade separator @ Attibelle
12 Along 16 main BTM Layout underpass
13 Puttenahalli along ORR underpass
14 Kanakapura Road & ORR Jn. Along ORR flyover
15 Kadirenahalli Road & ORR Jn. along ORR flyover
16 Flyover on RV road near RV Teacher College
17 Tagore Circle underpass on Gandhi Bazaar Main Road
18 Tumkur Road & ORR Junction along ORR Grade separator
19 Flyover along NH 4 at Jalahalli Cross
20 Underpass along pipeline road near Ayyappa Temple
21 Grade separator along Guttahalli Main Road near Guttahalli Circle
22 Grade separator at Yeshwantpur Circle near Bus Station
23 Bridge at Gali Anjaneya Junction
24 Grade separator at Malleshwaram Circle
25 Underpass at Prof. CN Rao Circle
26 Underpass along Chord Road at Magadi Road & Chord Road Junction
27 Underpass along ORR at ORR and Banaswadi Ramamurthy Nagar Road Junction
28 Grade separator at ORR & Magadi Road Junction

Road Over Bridges / RUBs-Rail
29 ROB along MES Road near Jalahalli
30 Underpass along Link Road Connecting D Rajagopal Road & Kodigehalli Road
31 Ashoka Theatre - Pottery Road
32 Nagavara-Arabic College Road
33 Kasturinagar-Chikka-Banaswadi Road
34 Baiyyappanahalli Road
35 Kadugondanahalli Railway line along Nagavara Main Road
36 Hudi Main Road near Whitefield Railway Station
37 Construction of ORR connecting Mysore Road to Magadi Road including underpass across Bangalore Mysore Rly Line
38 Along settihalli main Road
39 Along S M Road near Gurudwara
40 Along Koigehalli Main Road near Kodigehalli Rly Stn
41 Along Hesaraghatta Main Road
42 Near Tanisandra Rly Stn
43 Along Kundalahalli Road at Kundalahalli gate.
44 Along Varthur Road near Lakshmi Layout
45 Along Panathur Main Road near Bellandur Rly Stn
46 Along Sarjapur Road

Elevated Roads

47 Elevated Road From Sirsi Circle to ORR on Mysore Road (6.0 Km)
48 Elevated Road on Hosur Road (10.5 Km)

Figure 4 Pedestrian Facilities

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Figure 4 Pedestrian Facilities

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Locations of Sky Walks / Sub-Ways
1. Cauvery Bhavan to Education Department Building and to Law College to Mysore Bank crossing KG Road on State Bank Junction
2. Opposite NTI connecting Guttahalli Road and Palace (opposite Bus Stop) on Sankey Road
3. Arya Bhavan Sweets to Kanthi Sweet to Himalaya Theatre, crossing KG Road
4. Lalbagh Main Gate (Javaraiah Circle)
5. Bannerghatta Road near Jayadeva Hospital
6. BMTC Main Bus Stand to Amar Lodge Building in Majestic Area
7. KSRTC Kempegowda Bus Station to BMTC Main Bus Station
8. At Kengeri Bus Stand, Mysore Road
9. At Byatarayanapura on Bellary Road (near Junction of BBMP office complex)
10. BMTC Main Bus Station to Railway Station Premises
11. Shanthala Silk House to KSRTC Main Bus Station and to Good-Shed Road
12. RNS Motors, Tumkur road
13. Jalahalli Circle, Tumkur Road
14. Near Webb junction
15. Near Kamakhya, Kathriguppe Ring Road
16. Gandhi Bazaar Main Road
17. On Vittal Mallya Road near Mallya Hospital
18. Sheshadri Road near Maharani College
19. On JC Road near Ravindra Kala Kshetra
20. On Hosur Main Road near Madivala Check post
21. On Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road, near Pallavi theatre
22. On Richmond Road near D’Souza Circle
23. On Race Course Road near Chalukya Hotel
24. On Commissariat Street near Garuda Mall
25. On Residency Road near Mayo Hall
26. On Kamaraj Road near Commercial Street
27. Near Indira Nagar 100 feet Road & Water Tank junction on Airport Road
28. On Hosur Road(Near Forum)
29. On Tumkur Road, near SMS Railway Junction
30. On Air Port Road, Marath Halli at Village Road.
31. On Air Port Road, Marath Halli at Junction of Under Pass ORR
32. K.R. Puram Bus Stand
33. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Devaraj Urs Road
34. On Hosur Road “T” Junction with Tavarekere Main Road (Opposite Sai Sadan & Prestige Acropolis) (High Rise Apartments Condominium)
35. Mission Road at the foot of Fly over
36. Vidhana Veedhi near M S Building
37. Tumkur Road near Yeshwantpur Circle
38. At South End Circle
39. Malleshwaram 5th cross
40. Double Road opposite Shanthi Nagar bus station
41. City Market additional arm to be added to existing underpass
42. 30 no. Sky –walks / Sub-Ways along the eastern crescent of the ORR

5. Institutional Strengthening

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5.1 The current structure of governance for the transport sector is not adequately equipped to deal with the problems of urban transport. Multiplicity of organizations, independent legislations and inherent conflict in the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders actually impede in the process of planning and implementation of major schemes aimed at development. Government of Karnataka has recently accorded sanction for the creation of State Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) under the Urban Development Department with the intended objective of ensuring integration of transport planning and development of transport infrastructure in urban areas. The government has also sanctioned setting up of Bangalore Metropolitan Land Transport Authority (BMLTA) for BMR. BMLTA will function as an umbrella organization to coordinate planning and implementation of urban transport programmes and projects. All land transport systems (excluding Railways) in the BMR will be brought under the purview of BMLTA. Therefore it is important that BMLTA is established at the earliest with statutory backing and adequate technical staff provided for this organization. It is also important that BMLTA is also given with the power to assign various projects to various organizations. All the finances to the concerned organizations should also be routed through BMLTA in order to make BMLTA effective and to ensure timely completion of projects.

5.2 Transport Planning is an essential component of town planning. Presently there is no proper technical body for required transport planning inputs. It is necessary that technical expertise is created within BDA and BMRDA to undertake this task. For the purpose Transport Planning Unit (TPU) is proposed to be established in BDA and BMRDA.

5.3 A large number of agencies deal with road system such as BBMP, BDA, Traffic Police, PWD, NHAI, BMRDA, Transport Department, KUIDFC, BMRCL, BMTC, BMLTA etc. There are numerous issues of proper road geometrics, traffic circulation, junction design, traffic signals, road signs/markings, street furniture etc which are not properly attended to by these agencies due to lack of traffic engineering expertise. Traffic planning is a continuous affair. It is therefore important that Traffic Engineering Cells are established in these organizations with qualified and adequate staff such as traffic engineers and transport planners. This will ensure that the traffic schemes are properly implemented with better results and fine-tuned later, if necessary. This will go a long way to improve traffic flow in Bangalore. As bus system will continue to be an important sub-system in future also, it is also important that BMTC is adequately strengthened through its HRD initiatives.